The plane is one of the safest means of transportation, But when a rare accident occurs, it usually attracts a lot of attention because the chances of survival are lower, and the number of victims is high.

What do we do then if we are very unlucky enough to be on a plane that is going to crash? What things can we do preventively?

He Daily Mirror has spoken with several experts, such as professor Helen Muir director of the Cranfield Institute for Safety, Risk and Reliability, who has given some keys.

Where to sit

First of all, There is no seat that is safer than another: “You can’t say it’s better to sit in the back because if the plane crashes, it will be in the front where you will have the greatest danger, but if there is a fire and the plane burns in the back, then you are better off in the front.”

“So the answer is to go where you’re assigned, but make the most of opportunities have nearby to escape if necessary,” says Muir.

Another expert is Steve Veronneauhead of the bioinformatics research team at the FAA Civil Aerospace Medical Institute in Oklahoma, who also believes that no place is safer than another.

In any case, he says that “I prefer to sit in the part of the plane that has access to the largest number of exitsbut I think that comes from my experience as an accident investigator, and I believe that in a properly designed airplane, all seats have an equal chance of success.”

The teacher Ed Galeadirector of the Fire Safety Engineering Group at the University of Greenwich, says being seven rows from the exit can increase your chances of survival.

“If you are seven rows of seats away a useful outlet, then your chances of surviving an accident are greater than your chances of dying in that accident. And so, if you are more than seven seats away, your chances of dying in the accident are greater than surviving,” says Galea.

Take off and landing

Another aspect to take into account is the seat belt. Muir says that one must “know your seat belt”: “One of the things you should do when you get on the plane is not just fasten your seat belt, but, in particular, I think, when the cabin crew demonstrates how to do it, try to do it yourself.”

“The reason for practicing this is that we are all very, very familiar with car seat belts, and the way to unbuckle them is different from an airplane seat. So try it and practice quickly”he insists.

A tight seat belt is the way to go for Tom Barth, director of research and development for inflatable restraint systems at AmSafe Aviation, Phoenix.

“When I fly on an airplane, the first thing I do is during takeoff and landing, I keep my belt very tight, low and tight over my hips so that it interacts with my pelvic bone,” he says.

Professor Ed Galea says you should turn off the reading lights on board during takeoff and landing, so your eyes can quickly adapt to their surroundings.

“When an airline lands at night, The cabin lights will be dimmed before the plane lands., and that is so that one can get used to the level of light outside, so that in the event that you have to evacuate, your eyes have adapted and you can see where you are going. And for that reason you should also turn off the reading lights, so that you quickly adapt to the level of lighting outside,” he says.

Survive the impact

The worst comes, the impact. Professor Muir says: “The best thing you can do if you are anticipating having to use emergency posture, and to help you remember it, try it, do it yourself, it will only take you a minute.”

Tom Barth adds: “The emergency posture can be confusing, because there are several. The important thing is look at your information card and listen to safety instructions to know which one is appropriate for the seat you are sitting in.

“The common thing with all these emergency positions is lower your upper torso as much as possible“, summarizes Barth.

Survive if there is smoke

If there is smoke in the cabin, There is a trick: count rows. Professor Galea says you should count the rows of seats to know where the nearest exit is.

“The reason I count the rows of seats from my seating position to the exit is that in case of smoke or in case the emergency lighting fails and it is very dark, I can do it, because I know the number of rows of seats. seating. I can count from where I am, I can feel the way to an exit. By counting the seat backs I will know when I have reached the exit row,” he says.

Another key is to leave quickly. “In the event of an accident, if there is smoke on board, it is very important that you get out as fast as possible. Therefore, before the accident or when you get on board, it is advisable to think about what you will do, how you will know where to go, you will have counted the rows of your seats and taken into account everything that is relevant, and then you will start moving, using the information you know , because you won’t necessarily be able to see inside the cabin,” says Muir.

Ditching in the water

What if we fall into the water? Mac McLean, senior cabin safety researcher at the FAA Civil Aerospace Medical Institute in Oklahoma, recommends not panicking and Do not inflate the life jacket on the plane.

“The thing to keep in mind is not to inflate the life jacket before getting off the plane. One of the things we found is that people sometimes inflate them inside, then if the plane starts to sink, float to the top inside the plane and they can’t get out. So you have to keep the vest deflated in the cabin and then inflate it as soon as you leave,” says McLean.

If there is a life raft, McLean recommends: “You want to make sure you can get into the raft as quickly as possible when the time comes and stay calm and remember that help will come, as long as you can resist.”

Evacuate the plane

In the event of an evacuation, McLean says it’s important to stay focused and have a plan when evacuating in the event of an accident: “You have to try to stay focused, have a plan for what you’re going to do once you get off the plane. We know that having a plan is the most important factor Professor Muir says you have to be careful when evacuating a plane in groups, as it can cause congestion and blockages. “During an evacuation, when there are groups on the plane, if everyone stays together and can move together and help each other, it is an excellent situation. However, sometimes it happens, unfortunately, that groups split up.”

When installing a slide or ramp to evacuate the plane: “Surviving is not just about getting to the plane door, it’s actually about going down the slide, and the things you need to think about when you approach a slide are Do you have any sharp objects? either shoes which could cause the slide to deflate, in which case remove them, or sharp objects, for example in back pockets, which could dig into the slide or your body.

“And then, to maintain composure, surround yourself with your arms, bring your legs together and literally jump and sit, like on a trampoline or a bouncy castle,” says the expert.

“Get to the end. When you get to the end the key is quickly get away from that slide. There may be others to help you up, if not, get up and run away, because there will be people who will come down after you in quick succession, and if you are still there, they will crash into you,” he concludes.