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Training and cooperation to improve defense

Companies need to prevent cyberattacks, but they also need to know how to detect them and take action if they occur.

Emails with sensitive content that should have been deleted but are still on the network; large organizations with parts of their databases leaked to the Internet; Reputation crisis committee members who transmit information via WhatsApp or their collaborators who should not have this information; smear campaigns; Lack of a protocol to manage the impact and communicate internally and externally when a breach occurs in the digital wall. Selva Orejón, a forensic expert specializing in digital identity, reputation and cyber investigation, has witnessed many risk practices in her 17 years of experience and found that only three companies (multinationals) truly want to work on prevention. “The majority only intervene when they experience a serious incident in their own home or immediate environment,” he explains.

Javier Calahorra, Chief Information Security Officer BBVA in Spain agrees in emphasizing the importance of prevention. María Jesús Almazor explains that the traditionally physical environment to be protected has grown to the point of reaching the cloud and is now a fluid boundary rather than a closed boundary: chief operating officer Telefónica Tech for Spain and America. According to him, it is no longer enough to simply prevent anything from happening; detection and intervention capabilities also need to be expanded. “Every company is vulnerable to attack; Some of us may be more attractive than others, but no one is spared,” warns Calahorra. “Are we ready?” In the second roundtable of the day, organized by EL PAÍS and BBVA, with a special focus on SMEs and a focus on the company, the question was: “The trend is good, but cybercrime continues to increase. “And ahead,” says Maica Aguilar, director of Identities, Compliance and Cybersecurity Culture at Ferrovial. “You’re never 100% ready, but there’s been a lot of progress,” says Telefónica Tech’s Almazor.

Selva Orejón, forensic expert specializing in digital identity, reputation and cyber investigation.
Selva Orejón, forensic expert specializing in digital identity, reputation and cyber investigation.Santi Burgos

human factor

Selva Orejón confirmed that the human factor is at the root of most security errors that occur in an organization, either deliberately (filtering and selling data), carelessly (using a less protected personal computer to reply to a business email), or on purpose. victim phishing, shooter -when communication is via WhatsApp- and a series of increasingly sophisticated scams. In any case, as he himself admitted, “it is difficult to control.” Aguilar describes cybersecurity as a “long-distance race” involving technology, processes and people. The first factor is stepping on the accelerator, while the other two are moving “at a pace that’s not as fast as we’d like,” he admits. While it is true that the speed of adaptation will depend on keys such as available resources, whether the company is an immigrant or a digital native (e.g. start-ups), the digital maturity or regulatory framework of the sector or activity.

At this point, “security breaches” occur and these become “windows of opportunity”.bad guys”to break through digital defenses. “We defended” against the attackers, Calahorra recalls.early adopter“as he told them. “I think the real risk for an organization is not knowing its security posture well; the security plan should be part of the strategic plan,” insists Almazor. Even though they are the ones who are exposed to 70% of cyber attacks, it is something that most medium and small companies do not have. “Companies know they can’t go on without digital security,” says Aguilar. Its director, Ricardo Sanz, says you just have to look at the growth rates of this market, which range from 10% to 15% annually, depending on which analyst you consult. cyber security business In Evolutio. According to estimates of the International Data Corporation (IDC), it will reach 2 billion 130 million euros in 2023 in Spain alone.

Investments are being made in infrastructure, new solutions and rare talents. “This is more evident in SMEs,” says Almazor, who is determined to forge alliances with SMEs by moving quickly home partners specializes in cyber security. It doesn’t take long for the need to attract female talent to emerge: “There are only 12% of women in so-called STEM careers,” she recalls. Also, leveraging public-private partnerships to promote education and increase the number of profiles likely to be employed in a growing sector. Aguilar says it is necessary to share information between administrations and companies, “even if they are competitors.” “We have overcome such obstacles,” Sanz says. “Knowing what happened to other people helps you,” confirms Calahorra. “I have been pleasantly surprised by the collaboration and communication that exists in the cybersecurity industry,” says Aguilar. According to Almazor, continuous education and collaboration are a dual approach for cybersecurity solutions to keep pace with technological change.

Sergio Salvador is 'Head of Engineering' at BBVA in Spain.
Sergio Salvador is ‘Head of Engineering’ at BBVA in Spain.Santi Burgos

Guarantees in safe and durable environments

Sergio Salvador, Head of Engineering BBVA’s affiliate in Spain closed the expert forum convened by EL PAÍS and BBVA with the message that cybersecurity is the key to “guaranteeing the integrity and confidentiality of information, creating safe and resilient environments, giving confidence to citizens, consumers and companies.” protect privacy. “Cyber ​​attacks are the fifth risk factor for economic stability and global security,” he said, according to the World Economic Forum. “We shouldn’t be afraid of technology, but we should know the risks and know how to protect ourselves,” he concluded.

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Source: El Pais



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