Scattered throughout Spain there are incredible medieval towns that are true architectural wonders. Furthermore, some of them are located in the most unlikely locations, such as on the edge of cliffs or even inside crevices, but few can be said to be built into a fortress. Of Castellar de la Frontera, in the province of Cádiz, yes it can, since this town is built within the walls of an Islamic castle.

In the territory of Cádiz there are numerous castles and forts that date back to the Middle Ages and that are worth visiting, although in no other can you walk through the streets of a town as such. Of course, you have to know that Castellar de la Frontera It is divided into three: Castellar Viejo, which is the town that is in the fortress, and Castellar Nuevo, built in 1971 about eight kilometers from the walls, and the district of The Almoraima.


View of the Mediterranean from the Peñíscola castle.


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Castellar Viejo, the town built on a fortress

The castle that dominates the Cadiz town was built in the 13th century.  It acquired great importance as part of the maritime defensive line, at the time of clashes between Christians and Muslims.  Over the years, the fortress passed into the hands of the Ducal House of Medinaceli until the beginning of the 20th century.
The castle of Castellar de la Frontera.

Located very close to the Rock of Gibraltar, in the heart of Alcornocales Natural Park, This enclave is located that has been home to man since time immemorial, there even being vestiges of the Bronze Age, such as the sites of Tajo, Cancho and Abejera Caves, although when it really reached its maximum splendor it was during the Muslim era in the Iberian Peninsula. Declared one of the most beautiful towns in Spain, Castellar Viejo It is located inside an impressive Muslim fort that makes it one of the most special towns in all of Spain.

This castle was built between the 12th and 15th centuries and it is perfectly preserved, being one of the Muslim fortresses that has best survived to this day. Inside you can travel to the past thanks to the design of its streets and buildings. An impressive town from which you can see the Rock of Gibraltar and even Africa on a completely clear day.

Castellar Nuevo and its beautiful buildings

Castellar de la Frontera.
Castellar de la Frontera.

The New Town of Castellar de la Frontera, its official name, is also a spectacular place to spend a few hours, especially walking among its white houses and their patios full of flowersalthough there are also some impressive buildings that deserve to be seen, such as the Church of the Divine Savior or the Almoraima Tower, Located on a hill on the outskirts of the town.


Benavente Parador.


The Parador in a medieval castle from the 12th century where the union of the kingdoms of Castilla y León was signed

This tower gives its name to the third population center, The Almoriama, a district made up of Convent of San Miguel, Erected in 1603 and currently a hacienda and a spectacular hotel. Furthermore, very close by is Fortress Villa, a fort with views of the Los Alcornocales Natural Park and where visitors can also spend the night.

How to get to Castillar de la Frontera

To get to this incredible municipality from Cadiz You only need to walk for a little over an hour the A-381 highwaywhile if it comes from Malaga you have to take the AP-7 highway for approximately an hour and a half.

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