The wonderful Alhambra, the Altamira caves or the Doñana National Park are some of the assets that are part of the list of World Heritage Site of Spain. Most of them are well known and visited, however, others go more unnoticed by tourists despite being true gems that are worth discovering.

Ancient and primary beech forests

Hayedo de Montejo natural space, in Madrid.
Hayedo de Montejo natural space, in Madrid.

This good is distributed among twelve European countries, and is formed by valuable beech forests in a great diversity of environmental conditions. In the case of Spain, these are the Hayedo de Montejo (Madrid), the Hayedo de Tejera Negra (Guadalajara), the beech forests of Asotín and Cuesta Fría (León) and those of Lizardoia and Aztaparreta (Navarra).


Cathedral of Santa María de Segovia, Castilla y León, Spain


The region in the world with the most properties declared World Heritage Sites is in Spain

Monasteries of Yuso and Suso (La Rioja)

Yuso Monastery.
Yuso Monastery.

San Millán de la Cogolla It is a small town in Rioja at the foot of the Demanda mountain range that is home to two architectural jewels: the monasteries of Suso and Yuso. The first was built between the 6th and 11th centuries, and became an important center of political and cultural power during the Middle Ages. Inside are the tombs of the infants of Lara and their guardian Nuño.

For its part, the Yuso Monastery was built between the 16th and 18th centuries, by the Benedictine abbots. In its structure, the lower cloister and its Gothic vaults stand out, as well as the sacristy, one of the most beautiful in all of Spain. In addition, the monastery archive and library are considered by researchers to be some of the best in the country.

Mudejar architecture of Aragon

Collegiate Church of Santa María la Mayor (Calatayud).
Collegiate Church of Santa María la Mayor (Calatayud).

He Mudejar architectural style It flourished in Spain from the 12th to the 17th century, characterized by presenting elements of Christian art and Arabic ornamentation. This artistic trend is evident in the architecture of Aragon, with ten properties included in the World Heritage list, specifically buildings or parts of them, such as towers, cloisters or apses.

Some of them are well known or visited, while others they go more unnoticed among tourists: the Cathedral of Santa María de Mediavilla and the churches of San Pedro, San Martín and Salvador, in Teruel; the collegiate church of Santa María, in Calatayud; the church of Santa Tecla, in Cervera de la Cañada; the church of Santa María, in Tobed, and the Mudejar remains of the Aljafería Palace, the church of San Pablo and the Cathedral of Zaragoza.

Romanesque churches of the Boí Valley (Lleida)

Church of the Nativity of Durro.
Church of the Nativity of Durro.

The Romanesque churches of the Boí Valley They reflect the importance of ecclesiastical and manorial hierarchies in the Middle Ages. These temples in the valley not only fulfilled a religious function, but also as a meeting place and refuge for the people, which is evident in their tall towers, communication and surveillance elements. They are a total of nine churches those that are part of the World Heritage list: Sant Climent and Santa Maria, in Taüll; Sant Joan de Boí; Santa Eulàlia d’Erill la Vall; Sant Feliu de Barruera; the hermitage of Sant Quircy la Nativitat, in Durro; Santa Maria de Cardet, and the Assumpció de Cóll.


Cordova.


The only city with four World Heritage properties is in Spain

Poblet Monastery (Tarragona)

On this site, located in Catalonia, is one of the largest and most complete Cistercian abbeys in the world.  Built around the church built in the 13th century, the monastery, impressive for the majesty of its architecture, has a fortified royal mansion and houses the pantheon of the kings of the Crown of Aragon.
Poblet Monastery (Tarragona)

The Poblet Monastery began to be built in the 12th century, and today we can see characteristics of different styles such as Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque. It quickly became a nerve center of medieval Catalonia and King Pere IV the Ceremonious linked it with the Crown of Aragon, having it built here the royal pantheon.

In the monastery stands out the church in the style of the Cistercian temples and the altarpiece of its main altar, the Gothic chapel of Saint George and the royal door, a Gothic construction flanked by two octagonal towers.

Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe (Cáceres)

Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe, Guadalupe, Cáceres
Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe, Guadalupe, Cáceres

The impressive Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe It consists of the temple-basilica, the auditorium building, the Mudejar cloister and the Gothic cloister. This Gothic-Mudejar style building It is flanked by eight towers, and inside the main altarpiece stands out, made of wood; the sacristy, highly decorated; the tabernacle, and the choir stalls, from the 18th century. Furthermore, in the chapel of San Jerónimo we will find one of Zurbarán’s most important works, ‘The Apotheosis of San Jerónimo’.

Almadén, heritage of mercury (Ciudad Real)

Almadén Mining Park.
Almadén Mining Park.

The Almadén and Idrija mines They are the greatest examples of mercury deposits in the world. The exploitation of the material in this town of Ciudad Real predates the Romans and with the passage of time it became an example for many other mines around the world. Today, here we will find an interesting tourist attraction where to learn about the history of the place, visit the mine inside and discover the techniques and processes of this industrial activity.

Dolmens of Antequera (Málaga)

Located in Malaga, this site includes three megalithic monuments (the “tholos” of Romeral and the dolmens of Menga and Viera), as well as two nearby natural sites that offer panoramic views of great beauty, the Peña de los Enamorados and the Torcal.  The three funerary monuments are a unique example of European megalithic art.
Dolmens of Antequera.

The Antequera Dolmens Archaeological Complex is made up of the Dolmens of Menga, Viera and El Romeral and is considered one of the best exponents of European megalithism. Megaliths are the first forms of monumental architecture in European Prehistory and were developed about 6,500 years ago.


Naveta des Tudons.


Talayotic Menorca: the new UNESCO World Heritage Site

Cultural landscape of Risco Caído and sacred mountains of Gran Canaria

They locate a rockfall on the ledge of the Risco Caído site
They locate a rockfall on the ledge of the Risco Caído site

In the center of Gran Canaria islandwe find the site of Risco Caído, a landscape of cliffs, ravines and volcanic formations to which they add to a very wide and valuable biodiversity. And that’s not all, since we can also find ancient remains of homes, cisterns and troglodyte granaries, as well as caves dedicated to ritual practices.

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