He largest set of megalithic architecture in Europe hides in the east of Ireland. Under the name of Brú na Bóinnethis unknown and mysterious archaeological complex surrounded by green fields of crops is made up of more than 90 monuments and its origin dates back to none other than he 3200 BC, more than 5,000 years ago. This means that it was built six centuries before the pyramids of Giza, in Egypt, and twenty centuries before the Naveta des Tudons, the oldest construction in Spain.

Due to its immense historical value, this space was declared UNESCO World Heritage. In addition, it is home to three spectacular funerary structures: Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth, built with earth and stone and the ingenuity of Neolithic society.


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Newgrange and the magic of the solstice

Newgrange is made up of an 80 meter mound that rises above these green lands, adorned with a spiral of white quartz stones. Inside, a narrow hallway leads to one of the best preserved chambers of any Neolithic structure. On the other hand, three smaller cavities house the cremated remains of the deceased.

Newgrange.
Newgrange.

Visiting this place at any time of the year means living a magical experience, but there is a moment when it is truly special. During the Winter Solsticeon December 21, a beam of light passes through the monument through an opening in the ceiling of the corridor and illuminates the path to the burial chamber.

Knowth and Dowth: megalithic art and the haunted barrow

The huge Knowth monument is an impressive construction 1.5 times the size of Newgrange. It has two very long internal corridors and is surrounded by 18 satellite tombs smaller.

Tombs of Knowth.
Tombs of Knowth.

Furthermore, it stands out for its unmatched megalithic art collection: large stone walls decorated with spirals, undulating motifs and geometric symbols that could have been used in rituals or to represent star maps.


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Lastly, Dowth is known as the “haunted mound of darkness.” Its original roof collapsed a long time ago and was replaced by another, but from the outside, the tomb appears unaltered. As at Newgrange, during the winter solstice the sun shines its light into the burial chamber.

How to get to Brú na Bóinne

He drive from Dublin to the resort of Brú na Bóinne is only 1 hour. You can get there by private transportation or by hiring a tour from the capital of Ireland.

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