In the vast Pacific Ocean, more than 15,000 km away from Spain and hidden among little explored coordinates, is Nauru, the least visited country in the world and the third smallest in area only behind the Vatican and Monaco.

With only 21 square kilometers of surface, this little paradise in the Oceanic Micronesia It stands as an unexplored and fascinating corner. From its capital, Yaren, to the white sand beaches and coral reefs surrounding the island, Nauru offers a unique experience for those looking to get away from the conventional tourist routes. Not in vain, it is a paradise for divers.

A hidden paradise in the Pacific

After Vatican City and Monaco, Nauru is the third smallest country in the world.  It is made up of a single island located in the Pacific of 21 square kilometers and barely exceeds 10,000 inhabitants.  However, it has some of the most impressive coral reefs on the planet and its coral barriers are a paradise for diving lovers.  (Photo: Wikimedia Commons / Sean Kelleher).
After Vatican City and Monaco, Nauru is the third smallest country in the world.

Nauru, officially the Republic of Nauru, is a country located in the center of the Pacific Ocean, just south of the equator. Its population of 12,511 inhabitants It contributes to a surprising density of 626 people per square kilometer.

Bordered to the north by the Federated States of Micronesia, to the east by Kiribatito the south with the Solomon Islands and to the west with Papua New Guinea, Nauru has maintained its geographical isolation over the years. 4000 kilometers to the southwest, is located Australiaconnecting this country with a historical past that spans from German colonization to its independence in 1968.

Image of a church in Nauru.
Image of a church in Nauru.

Riches and challenges: the economic history of Nauru

Nauru’s economic history is marked by exploitation of phosphate deposits on the island. For decades, phosphate, used as fertilizer, boosted the country’s economy, with the majority of production exported to Australia. However, with the imminent depletion of these reserves, Nauru faces uncertain economic challenges.

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Despite its problems, Nauru remains attractive with its tropical climate, characterized by constant rains and monsoons between November and February. The limited availability of fresh water has led residents to rely on tanks to collect water and desalination plants to meet their needs.

Exploring Nauru: what to see and do

Nauru Parliament in the country's capital.  Yaren.independence.  Parliament consists of 19 members, all of whom are independent (non-party).  It elects the President from among its members.
Nauru Parliament in the country’s capital.

Despite its tiny size, Nauru offers visitors a unique and enriching experience. As reported by Lonely Planet, the mountain that watched over Japan in the 1940swith its rusting cannons and a communications bunker covered in Japanese graffiti, provides a fascinating look at the island’s history.

The ruins of the former presidential residence, burned down in 2001 due to economic discontent, invite reflection on the consequences of depleting resources. Furthermore, the cantilever cranes used in phosphate exports are silent witnesses to the rise and fall of the Nauruan economy.

When to visit Nauru

An umbrella on the beach of Bati Beach, on the island of Nauru.
An umbrella on the beach of Bati Beach, on the island of Nauru.

With only around 200 tourists a year, as published Mirror, Nauru remains largely unexplored. His high season, March to Octoberoffers the best weather conditions for travelers, while the low season, from November to February, is less popular due to constant rains and monsoons.

What to eat in Nauru: flavors of a tropical paradise

Nauru’s culture is reflected in its food and drink. According to Lonely Planet, the black booby tern, a bird with a unique song, is a local delicacy. He demangi, a punch fermented from coconut tree sap, offers a unique experience for adventurous palates. Additionally, local fishing provides a variety of fish, such as swordfish, yellowfin tuna and barracudas, which can be enjoyed at traditional barbecues.

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