In the extensive Pacific Oceanmore than 15,000 km from Spain and located in little explored coordinates, is Nauruthe least visited country in the world and the third smallest in size, only surpassed by the Vatican and Monaco.

With only 21 square kilometers of surface, this small paradise in Oceanic Micronesia It stands as an unexplored and fascinating corner. From its capital, Yaren, to the white sand beaches and coral reefs that surround the island, Nauru offers a unique experience for those looking to get away from the conventional tourist routes. Not in vain, it is a paradise for divers.

Nauru, officially the Republic of Nauru, is a country located in the center of the Pacific Ocean, just south of the equator. Its population of 12,511 contributes to a surprising density of 626 people per square kilometer. Bordered to the north by the Federated States of Micronesia, to the east by Kiribati, to the south by the Solomon Islands and to the west by Papua New Guinea, Nauru has maintained its geographical isolation over the years. 4000 kilometers to the southwest is Australia, connecting this country with a historical past that spans from German colonization to its independence in 1968.

The Arripas waterfall in the Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park.

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Nauru’s remote location in the heart of the Pacific has contributed to its exclusivity as a tourist destination. The island is only accessible by plane, with limited flights from Australia, Fiji and other points in the region. This remoteness and difficulty of access has preserved much of Nauru’s cultural and natural authenticity, making it a hidden treasure for those intrepid travelers willing to embark on an adventure out of the ordinary.

Aerial view of Nauru Island.
Aerial view of Nauru Island.

Riches and challenges: the economic history of Nauru

The economic history of Nauru is marked by the exploitation of phosphate deposits on the island. During decades, phosphate, used as fertilizer, boosted the country’s economy, with the majority of production exported to Australia. However, with the imminent depletion of these reserves, Nauru faces uncertain economic challenges.

Despite its problems, Nauru remains attractive with its tropical climate, characterized by constant rains and monsoons between November and February. The limited availability of fresh water has led residents to rely on tanks to collect water and desalination plants to meet their needs. This scarcity of water resources adds an additional element of uniqueness to the experience of visiting Nauru.

This spectacular station was inaugurated in 1928 by King Alfonso XIII.  It quickly became the key rail connection between France and Spain.  Likewise, during World War II it was a refuge for Jews fleeing the Holocaust.  However, after its years of splendor it fell into abandonment in 1970. In 2002 it was classified as an Asset of Cultural Interest and at the end of this year it will become a luxury hotel managed by Royal Hideaway Luxury Hotels & Resorts.

The Spanish train station converted into a luxury hotel praised by the Financial Times, The Times and Le Figaro

Exploring Nauru: what to see and do

Despite its tiny size, Nauru offers visitors a unique and enriching experience. As reported from Lonely Planet“the mountain that watched over Japan in the 1940s, with its rusted cannons and a communications bunker covered in Japanese graffiti, provides a fascinating look at the island’s history.”

The ruins of the former presidential residence, burned down in 2001 due to economic discontent, invite reflection on the consequences of depleting resources. Furthermore, the cantilever cranes used in phosphate exports are silent witnesses to the rise and fall of the Nauruan economy.

After Vatican City and Monaco, Nauru is the third smallest country in the world.  It is made up of a single island located in the Pacific of 21 square kilometers and barely exceeds 10,000 inhabitants.  However, it has some of the most impressive coral reefs on the planet and its coral barriers are a paradise for diving lovers.  (Photo: Wikimedia Commons / Sean Kelleher).
After Vatican City and Monaco, Nauru is the third smallest country in the world.

Beyond its historical heritage, Nauru captivates with its white sand beaches and turquoise waters. The island is surrounded by a coral reef that is home to an impressive diversity of marine life, making Nauru a dream destination for diving and snorkeling lovers. From swimming alongside sea turtles to exploring colorful coral gardens, Nauru’s waters promise an unforgettable underwater experience.

For those who prefer to stay on dry land, Nauru offers a number of outdoor activities. Hiking around the island allows visitors to discover the lush tropical vegetation, as well as observing the rich local birdlife, which includes endemic species such as the black loggerhead tern. Additionally, sport fishing is a popular activity, with the chance to catch swordfish, yellowfin tuna, and barracuda in the surrounding waters.

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When to visit Nauru

With only around 200 tourists a year, as Mirror reported, Nauru remains largely unexplored. Its high season, from March to October, offers the best weather conditions for travelers, with warm temperatures and less precipitation. During these months, visitors can fully enjoy the beaches, outdoor activities and exploration of the island.

On the other hand, Nauru’s low season, which runs from November to February, is less popular due to constant rains and monsoons. However, for those travelers looking for a more authentic and solitary experience, visiting during these months can be a unique opportunity to connect with the local culture and enjoy the island in its purest state, away from the crowds.

What to eat in Nauru: flavors of a tropical paradise

Nauru’s culture is reflected in its food and drink. According to Lonely Planetthe black booby terna bird with a unique song, is a local delicacy.” This exotic dish is a testament to the close relationship between Nauruan cuisine and its natural environment.

Furthermore, the “demangi”, a punch fermented from coconut tree sap, offers a unique experience for adventurous palates. This traditional drink is a central element in Nauruan celebrations and social gatherings, and trying it is a way to immerse yourself in the local culture.

Local fishing also plays a key role in Nauruan cuisine. The island is surrounded by waters rich in swordfish, yellowfin tuna and barracuda, which can be enjoyed at traditional barbecues. These fresh and tasty dishes are a reflection of the abundance of the ocean surrounding Nauru and a delight for seafood lovers.

Nauru is a destination that promises a unique and authentic tourist experience. From its historical heritage to its impressive natural landscapes, passing through its local gastronomy, this small country in the heart of the Pacific invites intrepid travelers to discover a truly unexplored corner of the world.

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