Burgos has some of the most beautiful rural enclaves in Spain, where you can find authentic jewels from the Middle Ages spread throughout this territory. And on a tour through Burgos lands there is a town that, without a doubt, deserves a stop for its important contribution to the culture of our country: Valpuestawhere the first texts were written in Spanish, a language that today is spoken by almost 600 million people around the world.

The curious thing is that until not long ago it was considered that the first writings of our language were documented in the 11th century, in the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla. But no, those from Valpuesta are the oldest today.

A trip to the most remote origins of Spanish

In this town of just over 10 inhabitants there is a unique cultural treasure: the oldest cartulary of the Iberian Peninsula of which there is evidence and which the amanuensis monks of the Collegiate Church of Santa María de Valpuesta back in the 9th century. These 187 monastic documents range from the 9th to the 13th century and in them you can read the first words in Spanish, along with Latin, a language that was already beginning to disappear.

What to see in Valpuesta

Valpuesta ancient monastery, origin of the Spanish language.  Burgos, Spain.
Old monastery of Valpuesta where the origins of Spanish are found. Province of Burgos,

Small and little known, but with many attractions. This is this Burgos town that will not cease to surprise you. Of course, you have to start the visit with the Collegiate Church of Santa María, where in addition to these historical documents, it also has a set of very expressive carvings with the twelve apostles, probably from the first half of the 16th century, in the Renaissance style and with Flemish influence. Also notable are its stained glass windows, a Renaissance work from the 14th-15th century that are a true gem. Built from a hermitage in the year 804, the collegiate church was declared a Site of Cultural Interest in 1992. And although it is closed to the public, it can be visited for free, since there is always a friendly neighbor willing to look for the key and open it. the doors to the visitor.


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The facade of an old building in Valpuesto garden in Burgos, Castilla y Leon, Spain
Traditional facade in Valpuesta, Burgos,

During your tour of the town you will come across different ancestral houses that belonged to noble families in the area and that were built at different times. Don’t overlook the Zaldivar house, a renaissance palace which was built in the 16th century, and where you can see the first family coat of arms on its façade. Also notable is the Valpuesta tower, a 15th century castle, with a keep, with a square floor plan and five floors, which is privately owned.

What to do and see in the surroundings

The town is within the Montes Obarenes-San Zadornil Natural Park, a wonderful environment with important springs, such as the Fountain of Health, the Canónigos spring and the Terreros spring. But in addition, this area of ​​green valleys, forests and huge mountains is also the perfect place for hiking lovers. In fact, starting from Valpuesta you can take an interesting route with which to crown the three peaks: Raso, Risca and Rodil. The distance is only about 17 kilometers. You can also take the opportunity to visit the town of Miranda de Ebro, which is 25 kilometers away.


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How to get to Valpuesta

The town of Valpuesta is about 100 kilometers from Burgos, a drive of just over an hour on the AP-1.

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