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Technological advances have allowed us to reveal where the philosopher Plato was buried

Technological advances have allowed us to reveal where the philosopher Plato was buried

The Herculaneum papyri were charred by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, but recent research has revealed new information.

He whereabouts of the lifeless body of one of the most influential philosophers in history has been discovered thanks to new technological advances. Plato spoke of love, death, politics, science and even intangible worlds that have survived to this day, 2,400 years after his death in 347 BC The eruption of Vesuvius that ended the lives of the inhabitants of Pompeii and Herculaneum , also destroyed a document that indicated the place where the object that kept the soul of Socrates’ disciple rests.

Pompeii was not the only town that was devastated by the volcanic eruption in 79 AD Herculaneumits neighboring town, also suffered the consequences of the lava spilled by Vesuvius, and one of the houses it destroyed contained more than 1,700 papyrus rolls. After the volcano erupted, all the knowledge printed on paper became charred objects almost impossible to analyze. Although some texts have been analyzed thanks to research techniques that do not damage the papyrus, not all of the works can be deciphered.

The charred papyrus prevents the reading of its contents.

Through research in which advanced technology has been used, it has been achieved decipher more than 1,000 words from one of the papyri, corresponding to the 30% of the text. Graziano Ranocchia, from the University of Pisa, heads this project in collaboration with the Institute of Cultural Heritage Sciences (Cnr-Ispc) and the Institute of Computational Linguistics “Antonio Zampolli” (Cnr-Ilc) of the National Research Council. Furthermore, the National Library of Naples, which houses this papyrus along with several others, is also participating in this initiative.

The papyrus has revealed that Plato was buried in the Academy of Athens that he created. Furthermore, it specifies that He was buried near the Sacellum, a place of worship dedicated to the muses. The philosopher stated that the soul is immortal, and that death is only the separation of the soul from the body: the body is mortal and subject to corruption, but the soul is eternal and survives physical death. Plato stated that the search for truth through philosophy was a preparation for death.

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Source: Viajar



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